History of Taekkyon

Principles of Taekkyon Technics

Kyolryon Taekkyon It is also called Kyolryontae, In short. It is a folk play which is played by dividing the villagers in a group of two. Until the end of Chosun Dynasty, the citizens of Seoul divided themselves in a west group, called 'Woodae', and a east group, called 'Araedae', and played it. At 'Tano' day(15th day of the 5th lunar month), the two groups gather in a large field at dusk and begin to play. First, children of an age of about four or five start to play Taekkyon. This is usually called 'Aeki-Taekkyon'. Afterwards, adults begin to play. Of these people, a person with lower skills are the first and those with higher skills begin their play afterwards. Therefore, the Taekkyon match becomes more exciting and interesting as the time goes on. The winner can play with any new challenger. The winner of the final match is called 'Pan-mageum Chang-sa', which means the best player who drew all the game to an end. No award is given to the winner, but he receives the honor of a hero from both parties. 'Kyolryontae' is not played in a day. It usually continues for several days. To win a match. the player has to tumble the opponent down. You can also win by kicking the opponent's head. In this case, the loser has to tap the ground with the plam of his hands to admit that he has lost. The play ground is usually made by laying two straw mats. People also played on sandy grounds or on grass. This game has been banned by the japanese pollce and has vanished. This Kyolryon Taekkyon has been revived by Lee Yong-bok(Chairman of Korea Traditional Taekkyon Institute) in 1995 at Kyongbok palace with large scale and afterwards are being demonstrated regularly at 'Tano' day (15th day of Lunar month May)